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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2020, 9(1): 112-121 Back to browse issues page
The effect of teach-back method on lifestyle of people with heart failure
Hediyeh Mesbahi1, Fatihe Kerman Saravi *2, Farnoosh Khojasteh3
1- Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2- Community Nursing Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran , : f_kermansaravi@yahoo.com
3- Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Abstract:   (22 Views)

Abstract
Aim. This study was conducted to examine the effect of teach-back training on lifestyle of people with heart failure.

Background. Lifestyle is a determining factor in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease, so the patient's adherence to therapeutic regimen (medication, diet, and physical activity) guarantees a healthy lifestyle. 

Method. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 80 individual with heart failure who were admitted to the coronary care units (CCUs) and post coronary care units (PCCUs) of teaching hospitals affiliated to Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, in 2019. The patients were selected using the convenience sampling method and randomly placed into intervention and control groups. The tools used to collect the data included a demographic information form and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) questionnaire (HPLP2). The lifestyle questionnaire was completed by the participants in both groups in two stages, before and three months after the intervention. In the intervention group, lifestyle promotion training was performed individually using a teach-back method in 4 sessions, each lasting 30 to 60 minutes. Participants in control group received conventionally lifestyle promotion training. The data were analyzed using SPSS-22 software via the independent samples t-test, paired samples t-test, and chi-square test.

Findings. There was no statistically significant difference between groups in terms of demographic characteristics. Before intervention, no statistically significant difference was found between the mean score of total lifestyle, in the intervention and control group (110.82±48.93 and 103.38±37.23, respectively). (P=0.45). Three months after intervention, the mean score of total lifestyle in intervention group was significantly higher than that of control group (137.80±54.36 against 113.23±37.77) (p≤0.0001). After intervention, the mean score of domains of lifestyle in the intervention group (except for interpersonal communication domain) were significantly higher than that of control group.
Conclusion. The results of the present study showed that teach-back training promoted lifestyle and its domains (except for interpersonal communication domain) in people with heart failure. It is recommended that nurses use this training method to improve lifestyle in people with heart failure.

Keywords: Heart failure, Life style, Teach-back method
Full-Text [PDF 1394 kb]   (11 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Cardiovascular
Received: 2020/12/08 | Accepted: 2021/02/09 | Published: 2020/03/20 | ePublished: 2020/03/20
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Mesbahi H, Kerman Saravi F, Khojasteh F. The effect of teach-back method on lifestyle of people with heart failure. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2020; 9 (1) :112-121
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-654-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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