[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 7, Issue 4 (3-2019) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2019, 7(4): 42-49 Back to browse issues page
The effect of spaced and mass education on stress and anxiety of candidates for coronary angiography
Akram Ebrahimi Jaberi1, Mehrdad Azarbarzin *2, Maryam Moghimian Boroujeni1
1- Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
2- Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran , azar_mehrdad@Yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1158 Views)
Abstract
Aim. This study aimed to compare the effect of spaced and mass education on stress and anxiety in candidates for angiography.
Background. Regarding the role of education in reducing stress and anxiety before angiography, comparison of the effect of spaced and mass education seems to be important in managing stress and anxiety in people experiencing this procedure.
Method. In this interventional study, statistical population consisted of candidates for angiography referred to selected hospitals of Isfahan in 2018. Sixty candidates for non-emergency angiography were selected by convenience sampling and were randomly divided into two groups of 30. The data collection instruments were the questionnaires demographic information, Cohen`s Perceived Stress (PSS14) and Spielberger`s Anxiety Inventory. Initially, all three questionnaires were completed by the participants. Then the education was provided by the researcher to the participants of the mass education group individually and face to face for 25 to 45 minutes (according to the participants tolerance) and in the end of the session, a 5 to 10 minutes time were given for answering participants’ questions. In the spaced education group, the educational content was provided by the researcher in three stages of 10 to 15 minutes and in groups of 3 to 6 participants. After the training of both groups, stress and anxiety were measured again by the questionnaires. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 16 using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Findings. Before and after intervention, there was no statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of mean scores of stress, state anxiety and trait anxiety. After intervention, a statistically significant decrease in mean scores of stress, state anxiety and trait anxiety were found in each group compared with before intervention.
Conclusion. Regarding the similar effect of spaced and mass education on stress and anxiety in candidates for angiography, it is recommended to use mass education method for candidates before angiography, since it is more cost effective and time saving than spaced education method.
 
Keywords: Angiography, Stress, Anxiety, Spaced education, Mass education
Full-Text [PDF 1092 kb]   (885 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Cardiovascular
Received: 2019/08/27 | Accepted: 2019/12/15 | Published: 2019/03/1
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ebrahimi Jaberi A, Azarbarzin M, Moghimian Boroujeni M. The effect of spaced and mass education on stress and anxiety of candidates for coronary angiography. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2019; 7 (4) :42-49
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-583-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 4 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4274