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پرستاری قلب و عروق 2014, 3(2): 40-47 Back to browse issues page
The effect of pre-operative education on post-operative pain perception in patient undergoingCoronaryArteryBypass Graft
Touraj Babaee1, Roghaye Sadeghi *2, Hooman Bakhshandeh1
1- Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran
2- Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (*Corresponding Author) , sadeghi.9285@gmail.com
Abstract:   (12558 Views)

Abstract

Aim.The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of patient education on postoperative pain perception in patient undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG).

Background.Pain is a common complication after CABG surgery. Non-pharmacological methods are more favorable than pharmacological agents. 

Method.In this quasi-experimental study, 72 patients who were scheduled for elective CABG surgery  were randomized to experimental (n=36) and control group (n=36). Experimental group received educational intervention about pain control, one day before surgery (20-30 minutes duration), while control group received no intervention. Following transferring to the ICU and 2 hours after extubation, patients’ pain intensity wasmeasured by Johnson’s numerical scale. The measurements wererepeated twice withanintervalof threehours. The type and dosage of pain medication administered during ICU stay were recorded. To analyse the data, descriptive(mean and standard deviation, frequency distribution and percentage) and analytical statistics (Chi-square and Mann-Whitneytest) were used.

Findings.There was no statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of demographic characteristics. Two hours after extubation, there were no statistically significant difference between experimental and control group in the intensity of pain (P=0.313). Pain intensity was significantly lower in experimental group than control group, 5 hours (P=0.015) and 8 hours (P=0.006) after surgery. The results also showedthat the amount ofanalgesics used to relieve post-operativepain was significantly lower in experimental group than control group (P=0.046).

Conclusion.Patient education about pain control may have positive effects on postoperative pain in patients undergoing CABG surgery. This intervention could serve as an effective strategy for nurses to improve pain management among these patients. 

Keywords: Patient education, Pain perception, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery
Full-Text [PDF 727 kb]   (8172 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Cardiovascular
Received: 2015/01/18 | Accepted: 2015/03/17 | Published: 2015/05/25 | ePublished: 2015/05/25
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babaee T, sadeghi R, Bakhshandeh H. The effect of pre-operative education on post-operative pain perception in patient undergoingCoronaryArteryBypass Graft. پرستاری قلب و عروق 2014; 3 (2) :40-47
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-199-en.html


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Volume 3, Issue 2 (9-2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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