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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2020, 9(1): 194-201 Back to browse issues page
The role of thirst in the development of delirium in patients admitted to intensive care unit
Nasibeh Barani1, Fatemeh Bahramnezhad *2, Khatereh Seylani3, Farshad Sharifi4, Alun C. Jackson5, Behzad Ahsan6
1- Department of Critical Care Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery/ Spiritual Health Group, Research Center of Quran, Hadith and Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , bahramnezhad.f@gmail.com
3- Department of Critical Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center Clinical Sciences Institute Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Australian Centre for Heart Health, Melbourne Australia; Honorary Professor, Faculty of Health, Deakin University, Geelong Australia; Honorary Professor, Centre on Behavioral Health, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong, PRC., Melbourne Australia
6- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (96 Views)
Abstract
Aim. This review study aimed to investigate the role of thirst in the development of delirium in patients admitted to intensive care units.
Background. Delirium is a common clinical syndrome in patients admitted to intensive care units, affecting approximately one-third of these patients. Delirium is a multidimensional phenomenon. One of the most important and controversial factors in the occurrence of delirium is the phenomenon of thirst.
Method. This study was conducted by searching out Persian and English databases of Magiran, SID, Web of Science, Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, without publication year consideration and using the keywords "thirst", "dehydration", "hyperosmolarity" and "delirium". Of 55 articles retrieved, 17 articles were reviewed by the research team among, and finally, after complying with the inclusion criteria and evaluating the quality of articles, 6 articles were included in the study.
Findings. The findings of the present study showed that tolerating the thirst for more than 24 hours is a risk factor for delirium. The role of fluid deficiency in the pathogenesis of delirium is not fully understood, but factors such as tissue hypoperfusion (especially in the brain and kidneys), increased concentrations of drugs or their metabolites in reduced intravascular volumes, and decreased renal function in excretion and/or drug metabolism are possible causes for development of delirium.
Conclusion. There is a lack of studies in this area and due to the importance of delirium and thirst in patients in the intensive care units or the elderly patients, more studies should be conducted in this area. All these factors calls for more attention and studies in this area.
Keywords: Thirst, Delirium, Intensive Care Unit
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: Applicable | Subject: Clinical nurses knowledge resources
Received: 2021/05/19 | Accepted: 2021/09/11 | Published: 2020/03/20 | ePublished: 2020/03/20
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Barani N, Bahramnezhad F, Seylani K, Sharifi F, C. Jackson A, Ahsan B. The role of thirst in the development of delirium in patients admitted to intensive care unit. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2020; 9 (1) :194-201
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-683-en.html


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Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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