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:: Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2020, 9(1): 122-130 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of hope and anxiety between adolescents with a parent with chronic heart disease and adolescents with a parent with type 2 diabetes
Ensieh Ghatee1, Narges Sadeghi *2, Mehrdad Azarbarzin3
1- Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , nsadeghi45@yahoo.com
3- Nursing and Midwifery Sciences Development Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
Abstract:   (337 Views)
Abstract
Aim. The aim of this study was to compare hope and anxiety between adolescents with a parent with chronic heart disease and adolescents with a parent with type 2 diabetes.
Background. Chronic illness in parents is associated with developing problems such as decreased hope and anxiety for children.
Method. The present study was a descriptive cross-sectional comparative study in which 120 adolescents either with a parent with chronic heart failure or with a parent with diabetes type 2 were recruited by convenience sampling. Schneider's hope scale and Beck anxiety questionnaire were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics in SPSS software version 24.
Findings. The total hope score in adolescents with parents with chronic heart failure and adolescents with parents with type 2 diabetes was respectively 28.70±5.01 and 31.40±4.20. Sixty percent of adolescents with a parent with chronic heart disease had the lowest anxiety level, 25 percent experience mild anxiety, 10 percent reported moderate anxiety, and 5 percent experience severe anxiety. Ninety and five percent of adolescents with parents with diabetes showed the lowest anxiety, 3.3 percent experienced mild anxiety and 1.7 percent reported moderate anxiety.
Conclusion. Adolescents with a parent with chronic heart disease have significantly higher levels of anxiety than adolescents with a parent with diabetes type 2, and there is a significant difference between their overall hope score. Because anxiety and hope can affect all aspects of a person's life, therefore, the implementation of educational and behavioral interventions to improve anxiety and hope is recommended.
Keywords: Hope, Anxiety, Chronic heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, Adolescent, Parents
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: Research | Subject: Family-centered care
Received: 2021/01/03 | Accepted: 2021/05/19 | Published: 2020/03/20 | ePublished: 2020/03/20
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Ghatee E, Sadeghi N, Azarbarzin M. Comparison of hope and anxiety between adolescents with a parent with chronic heart disease and adolescents with a parent with type 2 diabetes. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2020; 9 (1) :122-130
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-662-en.html


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Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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