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:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2019) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2019, 8(1): 170-181 Back to browse issues page
The effect of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) on adherence to treatment and components of type D personality in people with coronary heart disease
Maryam Izanloo1, Parisa Peyvandi *2, Ahmad Borjali1, Mohammada Reza Sirafi1, Yousef Mohsenzadeh3
1- Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran , parisa.peyvandi@kiau.ac.ir
3- Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Abstract:   (322 Views)
Abstract
Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of compassion-based therapy on adherence to treatment and components of type D personality in people with coronary heart disease in Alborz province, Iran.
Background. Coronary heart disease as a chronic disease is being considered as a psychosomatic disease that is affected by psychosocial factors as well as biological factors.
Method. The study method was quasi-experimental with pre-test post-test with control group and follow-up period. The statistical population of this study included people with coronary heart disease who referred to the cardiac ward of Rajaei hospital in Karaj, Iran, on an outpatient or inpatient basis in 2019. The sample consisted of 30 patients who were selected through convenience sampling and were randomly divided into experimental (N=15) and control (N=15) groups. The experimental group underwent compassion-focused therapy (CFT) weekly in 90-minute duration sessions for 8 weeks according to Gilbertchr('39')s CFT protocol, and the control group was placed on a waiting list for training. Data were collected using questionnaires adherence to treatment and Denolt type D personality. Data were analyzed in SPSS software version 24 using mixed variance design.
Findings. After intervention, the mean score of adherence to treatment in experimental group (43.33±4.22) was statistically higher than that of the control group (34.60±4.33). After intervention, the mean score for type D personality in experimental group (26.73±4.94) was statistically lower than that of the control group (36.53±4.27). The main effect of time, the main effect of group, and group-by-time interaction for both adherence to treatment and type D personality was statistically significant, meaning that CFT influences these variables in people with coronary heart disease.
Conclusion. Programs that are performed in the form of psychological educational interventions along with medical interventions may decrease the severity of coronary heart disease, accelerate the healing process, and promote general health and long-term adaptation of these patients. Therapists and health professionals are advised to use compassion-focused therapy to improve the mental and physical health of people with coronary heart disease.
Keywords: Compassion-focused therapy, Adherence to treatment, Type D personality
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: Research | Subject: Cardiovascular
Received: 2020/11/7 | Accepted: 2020/12/9 | Published: 2019/03/30
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Izanloo M, Peyvandi P, Borjali A, Reza Sirafi M, Mohsenzadeh Y. The effect of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) on adherence to treatment and components of type D personality in people with coronary heart disease. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2019; 8 (1) :170-181
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-648-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 1 (3-2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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