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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2016) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2016, 5(3): 52-58 Back to browse issues page
Effect of incentive spirometry and deep breathing exercises on arterial blood gas parameters after coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Hosein Feizi 1, Hiwa Mohammadi * 2, Ahmadreza Yazdannik 3, Mohsen Mir mohammad sadeghi 4, Pariya Zamani 5
1- MSc, Nurse Instructor Faculty Member, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2- MSc, Nurse Instructor Faculty Member, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran (*Corresponding Author) , hiva.nursing@gmail.com
3- Ph.D, Assistant professor School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4- Cardiac Surgeon, Assistant professor Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
5- BSc, Bachelor of Science in Nursing Tawhid Hospital, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (989 Views)

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of incentive spirometry and deep breathing exercises on arterial blood gas parameters after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.

Background. After CABG, pulmonary complications and oxygenation disorders are common and play an important role in post-operative mortality and morbidity. The different methods are being used for improvement of pulmonary function and oxygenation after CABG.

Method. In this clinical trial study, 75 patients who were candidate for CABG surgery were recruited and randomly allocated to two intervention groups (incentive spirometry group and deep breathing exercise group) and control group. The groups were compared in terms of arterial blood gas parameters (PaO2, PaCO2 and SaO2) before surgery, and on the first day, the second day, and the third day after surgery.

Findings. The study findings showed that in the third postoperative day, there was a statistically significant difference between intervention groups and control group in terms of the mean of arterial blood gas parameters (PaO2, PaCO2 and SaO2). 

Conclusion. Incentive spirometry and deep breathing exercise are both significantly effective on improvement of arterial blood gas parameters (PaO2, PaCO2 and SaO2).

Keywords: Coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Incentive spirometry, Deep breathing exercise, Arterial blood gas
Full-Text [PDF 699 kb]   (376 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Hemodynamic monitoring
Received: 2017/01/6 | Accepted: 2017/03/13 | Published: 2017/05/1
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feizi H, mohammadi H, yazdannik A, mir mohammad sadeghi M, zamani P. Effect of incentive spirometry and deep breathing exercises on arterial blood gas parameters after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2016; 5 (3) :52-58
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-394-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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