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:: Volume 1, Issue 1 (6-2012) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2012, 1(1): 36-41 Back to browse issues page
The effect of face-to-face education on knowledge, attitude, and believes of acute coronary syndrome patients about heart disease: an experimental study
Shabnam Zafari *1, Behshid Ghadrdoost2, Zahra Hanifi2, Shiva Khaleghparast-Athari2
1- Shahid Radjaee Cardiovascular Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (*Corresponding Author)
2- Shahid Radjaee Cardiovascular Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (20690 Views)

Aim

 The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of face-to-face education on knowledge, attitude, and believes of acute coronary syndrome patients about heart disease and their reaction to symptoms.

Background

 Coronary artery disease is known as an important health issue. Mortality results from myocardial infarction are highly dependent on time interval between symptoms presentation and reperfusion intervention. Reperfusion leads to the best results, especially if started within the first 60 minutes after beginning the manifestations. Many studies have been conducted to examine strategies for decreasing delay time, but education through media has not received enough attention.

Method

 In this clinical trial, 300 patients referred to Shahid Radjaee Cardiovascular Hospital and diagnosed as acute coronary syndrome were randomly allocated to receive either education and counseling as intervention (n=150) or regular education (control group, n=50). The inclusion criteria were: not having serious complicated co-morbidity such as psychiatric disorder, renal insufficiency, malignancies or neurologic disorders and speaking and comprehending Pesian. Data collection instruments were demographic form and Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment (REACT). Data were collected before intervention and one and three months after the beginning of intervention. The data were analyzed by SPSS.

Findings

 The study findings showed high rate of reporting risk factors in both groups. Most patients of both groups had referred to cardiologist. In experimental group, knowledge, attitude and belief scores increased significantly, one and three months after the beginning of the intervention. Between group comparisons showed a statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of knowledge, attitude and belief scores (P≤0.0001).

Conclusion

 Face-to-face education and counseling improves knowledge, attitude and believes of the patients about acute coronary syndrome, thereby, may reduces delay in treatment. Improvement of patients’ knowledge is the basic step for symptom management of the acute coronary syndrome.

Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, Knowledge and attitude, Face-to-face education
Full-Text [PDF 350 kb]   (5999 Downloads)    
: Research | Subject: Cardiovascular
Received: 2012/07/17 | Accepted: 2012/08/13 | Published: 2012/06/15 | ePublished: 2012/06/15
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Zafari S, Ghadrdoost B, Hanifi Z, Khaleghparast-Athari S. The effect of face-to-face education on knowledge, attitude, and believes of acute coronary syndrome patients about heart disease: an experimental study. پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2012; 1 (1) :36-41
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-40-en.html


Volume 1, Issue 1 (6-2012) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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