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:: Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2016) ::
پرستاری قلب و عروق 2016, 5(3): 26-33 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Benson relaxation technique on anxiety in critical care nurses
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh 1, Hojatollah Sedghian * 2, Fatemeh Mohades Ardabili 3
1- Ph.D, Associate Professor Department of Critical Care and Extracorporeal Circultion, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- MSc, Master of Science in Critical Care Nursing School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran (*Corresponding Author) , sedghiancretical6@gmail.com
3- MSc, Senior Lecturer Department of Medical and Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1130 Views)

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Benson relaxation technique on anxiety of critical care nurses.

Background. Anxiety is one of  the important factors affecting nursing profession and the quality of care. Some complementary interventions such as Benson relaxation techniques may affects anxiety.

Method. This was an experimental study (pretest-posttest with control group design) in which 63 critical care nurses of Shahid Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Tehran in 2015. Stratified samples were selected based on ward and randomly allocated to to experimental and control group. Benson relaxation technique was implemented by experimental group for 20 minutes, twice a day, with at least six hours interval, and for a two weeks period. Data were collected through demographic questionnaire and Spielberger questionnaire. Data were analyzed in SPSS version 21 using Chi-square test, t-test, Fisher's exact test and repeated measures ANOVA.

Findings. In experimental group, the mean and standard deviation of anxiety, before the intervention and  one and two weeks after intervention were 42.19±4.85, 43.67±7.55 and 42.12±6.12, respectively. A week after the intervention, the two groups had significant difference in terms of anxiety. The mean score of anxiety in the control group was more than nurses in the intervention group (P=0.011). Also, following application of Benson relaxation, anxiety intensity decreased in the intervention group as compared to baseline. In the control group, the mean score of anxiety increased overtime.

Conclusion. Implementation of Benson relaxation can reduce the anxiety of critical care nurses. This method is proposed as part of the nurses' anxiety reduction programs by managers and officials in medical centers.

Keywords: Benson relaxation technique, Critical care nurse, anxiety
Full-Text [PDF 674 kb]   (282 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Clinical nurses knowledge resources
Received: 2016/02/29 | Accepted: 2017/01/11 | Published: 2017/04/24
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Najafi Ghezeljeh T, sedghian H, Mohades Ardabili F. Effect of Benson relaxation technique on anxiety in critical care nurses . پرستاری قلب و عروق. 2016; 5 (3) :26-33
URL: http://journal.icns.org.ir/article-1-321-en.html


Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه پرستاری قلب و عروق Iranian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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